Afghanistan’s Taliban-led administration is to sign a contract with a Chinese company to extract oil from the Amu Darya basin in the country’s north, the acting mining minister said on Thursday.
The contract would be signed with Xinjiang Central Asia Petroleum and Gas Co (CAPEIC), officials told a news conference in Kabul.
It will be the first major public commodities extraction deal the Taliban administration has signed with an foreign company since taking power in 2021.
It also underscores neighboring China’s economic involvement in the region even though the ISIS extremist group has targeted its citizens in Afghanistan.
“The Amu Darya oil contract is an important project between China and Afghanistan,” China’s ambassador, Wang Yu, told the news conference.
China has not formally recognized the Taliban administration but it has significant interests in a country at the center of a region important for its Belt and Road infrastructure initiative.
The Chinese company will invest $150 million a year in Afghanistan under the contract, the spokesperson for the Taliban-run administration, Zabihullah Mujahid, said on Twitter.
Its investment would increase to $540 million in three years for the 25-year contract, he said.
The Taliban-run administration will have a 20 percent partnership in the project, which can be increased to 75 percent, he added.
The announcement came a day after the Taliban administration said its forces had killed eight Islamic State members in raids, including some who were behind an attack last month on a hotel catering to Chinese businessmen in the capital, Kabul.
China’s state-owned company National Petroleum Corp (CNPC) signed a contract with Afghanistan’s previous, US-backed government in 2012 to extract oil at the Amu Darya basin in the northern provinces of Faryab and Sar-e Pul.
At the time, up to 87 million barrels of crude were estimated to be in Amu Darya.
Acting Deputy Prime Minister Mullah Baradar told the news conference that another Chinese company, which he did not identify, had not continued extraction after the fall of the government so the deal had been struck with CAPEIC.
“We ask the company to continue the procedure according to international standards, also we ask them to provide for the of the people of Sar-e Pul,” he said.
The mining minister said a condition of the deal was that the oil be processed in Afghanistan.
Afghanistan is estimated to be sitting on untapped resources of more than $1 trillion, which has attracted the interest of some foreign investors though decades of turmoil has prevented any significant exploitation.
A Chinese state-owned company is also in talks with the Taliban-led administration over the operation of a copper mine in eastern Logar province, another deal that was first signed under the previous government.