Bostwana ranked most attractive investment destination in Africa, Giant of Africa ranked 19th

Quantum Global’s independent research arm, Quantum Global Research Lab., has released its latest Africa Investment Index 2016. According to the report, the top five African investment destinations attracted an overall FDI of $13.6bn. Botswana was ranked the most attractive economy for investment flowing into the African continent, followed by Morocco, Egypt, South Africa and Zambia.

Prof Mthuli Ncube, Head of Quantum Global Research Lab stated, “Despite considerable external challenges and the fall in oil prices, many of the African nations are demonstrating an increased willingness to achieve sustainable growth by diversifying their economies and introducing favourable policies to attract inward investments. Botswana is a case in example – its strategic location, skilled workforce and a politically stable environment have attracted the attention of international investors, leading to a significant influx of FDI.”

The report stated the top five African investment destinations attracted an overall FDI of US$13.6bn. Morocco was ranked second on the index based on its increasing solid economic growth, strategic geographic positioning, increased foreign direct investment, import cover ration and overall business environment. Egypt was ranked third due to increased foreign direct investment and real interest rates, and a growing urban population. The fourth country on the list, South Africa, scored well on the growth factor of GDP, ease of doing business in the country and significant population. While Zambia was the fifth country on the list due to its significant domestic investment and access to money supply.

Source: Quantum Global Research Lab’s Africa Investment Index 2016

However, even though Nigeria has been ranked 19th, Prof. Ncube, while presenting the report, projected that, with the recent focus of the government on capital projects, there is high possibility of having Nigeria spring up beyond expectation in the years to come.

“Despite the current economic challenges, we are quite confident on the medium to long term market prospects. Nigeria has earmarked a significant amount of capital to develop critical infrastructure in the country, and there are various opportunities for public private collaboration providing investors’ return on their investment. We anticipate that investment in infrastructure will underpin the growth of the economy and meet the needs of a large Nigerian growth population,” he said.

To elucidate how they came up with the ranks, VentureAfrica is quoted saying: “The Africa Investment Index (AII) is constructed from macroeconomic and financial indicators and the World Bank Group’s Ease of Doing Business Indicators (DBI). The DBI ranks countries in terms of a regulatory environment conducive to business operation. The AII focuses on six pillars or factors from a wider range of investment indicators, which include the share of domestic investment in the gross domestic product (GDP), the share of Africa’s total Foreign direct investment (FDI) net inflow, GDP growth rate forecast, population augmented GDP growth factor, real interest rate, the difference of broad money growth to the GDP growth rates, inflation differential, credit rating, import cover, the share of the country’s external debt in its Gross National Income (GNI), current account ratio, ease of doing business and the country’s population size. The AII indicators are based on secondary data collected from World Bank Development Indicators, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) World Economic Outlook, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) Data Centre and own estimates.

“The AII is a combination of individual indicator’s rank into a single numerical ranking. It averages the country’s macroeconomic and financial indicators rankings on the six different factors. Each indicator, and hence factors, receives an equal weight. Their rank score is then averaged to produce the total average score, which is consequently ranked from 1 to 54. The lower the value of the ranking, the better the implied business investment climate.

“To produce an index score that captures medium-term changing aspects, individual country’s ranking is scaled relative to a benchmark or reference value (i.e., the past three year rolling average ranking). In addition to the intended measurement, this approach enables us to avoid periods of structural changes (which may compromise the index) that may be present in a longer time span, whether we consider a change from a reference average value or a historical reference period.”

“With a population of over one billion people and rapidly growing middle class, Africa clearly offers significant opportunities to invest in the continent’s non-commodities sectors such as financial services, construction and manufacturing. However, structural reforms and greater private sector involvement are crucial to unlocking Africa’s true potential,” Ncube concluded.

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